V torek, 13. junija, ob 15. uri bosta imela na Pedagoškem inštitu predavanje prof. Michael Peters in prof. Tina Besley (Beijing Normal University, Kitajska).
Obe predavanji bosta v angleščini. Spodaj sta priložena povzetka obeh predavanj ter predstavitev predavateljev.
Educating in the Age of the Anthropocene and AI
Tina Besley, Beijing Normal University, PR CHINA
We are living in the Anthropocene where the media now regularly reports global protest movements such as Greta Thunberg’s School Strike for the Climate, Extinction Rebellion (XR)1, and Just Stop Oil, alerting us to not only the climate and ecosystem crises but to an existential crisis with the possible collapse of our civilisation in the near future. Now well documented Anthropogenic climate heating resulting in a range of climatic consequences largely caused by increased greenhouse gases especially from CO2 emissions, plus environmental degradations is leading to destruction of our biodiversity and risks of mass extinction. Although it may be alarmist, with some seemingly extreme scenarios having the hallmarks of a moral panic (Cohen, 1973), the science of climate crisis, and the anxiety, fear, existential angst and even anger that blames the current generation for this crisis, is real, especially for many of our young people, so it is too important to dismiss and needs exploring. While for some in philosophy and education, it may not seem necessary ‘to follow the science’ and to challenge those who refute or deny the contemporary climatic and environmental changes in our world, to us it is vital that philosophy of education engages with current world issues, which have ramifications that are in fact practical, economic, political, philosophical, existential, moral and ethical. Artificial Intelligence (AI) Large Learning Models such as ChatGPT-4 are just the latest in such new technologies that is rapidly affecting us all.
- Life and death in the Anthropocene: Educating for survival amid climate and ecosystem changes and potential civilisation collapse
Tina Besley is a Distinguished Professor at the Faculty of Education, Beijing Normal University. She was previously Professor and Associate Dean International, in the Faculty of Education, University of Waikato, New Zealand; Research Professor, University of Illinois Urbana Champaign; Full Professor, California State University San Bernardino; and Research Fellow at the University of Glasgow where she began her academic career in late 2000, after 16 years a secondary school teacher, Head of Guidance, and Counsellor in New Zealand. She is the founding president of the Association for Visual Pedagogies and Past President of the Philosophy of Education Society of Australasia and honoured as a Fellow of both learned societies. She is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts, UK. In Philosophy of Education, she uses the later work of Michel Foucault on subjectivity, free speech, governmentality. In global studies in education she explores policy, identities and cultures and interculturalism. Tina works closely with Prof. Michael A. Peters and with a wide international network of scholars in editorial roles for many journals and books. She has published over 30 books and monographs and numerous journal articles and is on the editorial board of several journals: deputy editor of Educational Philosophy and Theory; associate editor Beijing International Review of Education, founding editor PESA Agora.
AI and the Future of Humanity: ChatGPT-4, Philosophy and Education
Michael A. Peters, Beijing Normal University, PR CHINA
ChatGPT is an AI chatbot released by OpenAI on November 30, 2022 and a ‘stable release’ on February 13, 2023. It belongs to OpenAI’s GPT-3 family (generative pretrained transformer) of large language models, developed produce human-like text in a conversational mode through both supervised and reinforcement learning. Against original expectations of OpenAI engineers ChatGPT was not expected to be very popular yet was estimated to have reached 100 million active users in January, just two months after its launch, with 13 unique visitors every day, making it the fastest growing app in history. Since its release the tempo of GPT technology has rapidly increased with an increasing range of competitors and rising concern about its dangers. This paper investigates the development and application of GPT-4 as a form of generative AI and speaks to the aligning of AI with human values, interests and institutions.
Michael A. Peters is Distinguished Professor of Education at Beijing Normal University, Emeritus Professor at the University of Illinois (Urbana-Champaign), Honorary Senior Research Fellow at the University of Auckland, and Research Fellow in the Philosophy Programme at Waikato University. He was awarded a Personal Chair at the University of Auckland (2000-2005), and Excellence Hire Professor at the University of Illinois (2008). He has held posts as a Visiting Professor in many parts of the world and worked for a variety of governments and international agencies. He was the Editor-in-Chief of the SSCI journal Education Philosophy and Theory for 25 years, and is Editor-in-Chief The Beijing International Review of Education (with Zhu Xudong). He has founded a number of international education journals including Policy Futures in Education (Sage), E-Learning and Digital Media (Sage) and The Video Journal of Education and Pedagogy (Brill). He writes on educational philosophy and theory and has published over 100 books including several books on Wittgenstein and Foucault, among others. He has published over 600 papers in journals. His most recent publications include Bioinformational Philosophy and Postdigital Knowledge Ecologies (2022), Wittgenstein, Education and the Problem of Rationality (2021), Knowledge Socialism: The Rise of Peer Production: Collegiality, Collaboration, and Collective Intelligence (2020), and Pandemic Education and Viral Politics (2020), The Far-Right, Education and Violence(2020), both with Tina Besley. He was made a lifetime member of the NZ Academy of Humanities (2010) and a Fellow of the Royal Society of New Zealand in 2008. He is an Honorary Fellow of the Society for Research into Higher Educationand he was awarded honorary doctorates by State University of New York (SUNY) in 2012 and the University of Aalborg in 2015. He is currently completing two books on educational philosophy and post-apocalyptic survival. Personal webpage: https://michaeladrianpeters.com/